Public Health

Antibiotics May be Viable Option for Appendicitis Instead of Surgery - امکان درمان آپاندیست با آنتی بیوتیک وجود دارد

Every year more than 250,000 people undergo surgery for appendicitis, making it one of the 20 most common surgeries performed in the United States.

In the largest randomized U.S. study of appendicitis published today in the New England Journal of Medicine, researchers from Henry Ford Health System and 24 other sites around the U.S. report that seven in 10 patients who received antibiotics avoided surgery and that patients who took antibiotics for symptom relief fared no worse in the short term than those who underwent surgery.

Still, researchers cautioned that taking antibiotics for appendicitis is not for everyone and advised patients to consult with their physician.

Release date: 5 October 2020
Source: Henry Ford Health System

Possible Link Between Blood Type and COVID-19 Susceptibility and Severity - گروه خونی ممکن است در شدت ابتلا به کووید19 موثر باشد

Individuals with blood type O may have lowest risk of infection; individuals with A and AB may have increased risk of severe clinical outcomes.

Blood type O may offer some protection against COVID-19 infection, according to a retrospective study. Researchers compared Danish health registry data from more than 473,000 individuals tested for COVID-19 to data from a control group of more than 2.2 million people from the general population. Among the COVID-19 positive, they found fewer people with blood type O and more people with A, B, and AB types.

Release date: 14 October 2020
Source: American Society of Hematology

Writing by Hand Makes Kids Smarter - نوشتن دستی در مقایسه با تایپ کردن کودکان را باهوش تر می کند

Children learn more and remember better when writing by hand, a new study reports. The brains of children are more active when handwriting than typing on a computer keyboard.

A survey of 19 countries in the EU shows that Norwegian children and teens spend the most time online. The smartphone is a constant companion, followed closely by the PC and tablet.

The survey shows that Norwegian children ages 9 to 16 spend almost four hours online every day, double the amount since 2010.

Release date: 1 October 2020
Source: Norwegian University of Science and Technolog

Women More Likely to Embrace Behaviors Aimed at Preventing the Spread of COVID-19 - زنان بیشتر پروتکل های بهداشتی را رعایت می کنند

Women are more likely than are men to follow guidelines outlined by medical experts to prevent the spread of COVID-19.

In Behavioral Science & Policy, New York University and Yale University researchers report that women have practiced preventive practices of physical distancing, mask wearing, and maintaining hygiene to a greater degree than men. Women were also more likely to listen to experts and exhibit alarm and anxiety in response to COVID-19.

The findings are consistent with pre-pandemic health-care behaviors,

Release date: 5 October 2020
Source: New York University

Men predominate COVID-19 decision-making advisory bodies globally - کرونا و تصمیمات مردانه

Men predominate in more than 85% of COVID-19 decision-making and key advisory bodies around the globe, with gender parity in just 3.5%, reveals an analysis of the available data, published in the online journal BMJ Global Health.

Release date: 1 October 2020
Source: EurekAlert

COVID-19 pandemic has created flood of potentially substandard research - کووید19 و تحقیقات عجولانه

Rush to publish is testing research integrity process.
33 papers retracted, withdrawn, or had serious doubts raised as of end of July.
Thousands of COVID papers on pre-print servers where fewer quality checks made.

As of 7 May 2020, 1221 studies on COVID-19 were registered on the international clinical trial registry site, ClinicalTrials.gov.

And as of 31 July 2020, 19 published articles and 14 preprints about COVID-19 have been retracted, withdrawn, or had serious doubts raised about the integrity of their data, formally known as an expression of concern.

The COVID-19 pandemic has created a flood of potentially substandard research amid the rush to publish, with a string of papers retracted or under a cloud and a surge in submissions to pre-print servers where fewer quality checks are made, a leading ethicist has warned in the Journal of Medical Ethics.

Release date: 1 October 2020
Source: BMJ

Yoga and Meditation Reduce Chronic Pain - یوگا و مدیتیشن می تواند باعث کاهش دردهای مزمن شوند

A mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) course was found to benefit patients with chronic pain and depression, leading to significant improvement in participant perceptions of pain, mood, and functional capacity, according to a study in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

The study found mindful meditation and yoga led to significant improvements in patients’ perceptions of pain, depression, and disability.

Release date: 1 October 2020
Source: American Osteopathic Association

COVID-19 infection may deplete testosterone - کرونا دشمن هورمون جنسی مردانه

For the first time, data from a study with patients hospitalized due to COVID-19 suggest that the disease might deteriorate men’s testosterone levels.

Testosterone is associated with the immune system of respiratory organs, and low levels of testosterone might increase the risk of respiratory infections. Low testosterone is also associated with infection-related hospitalisation and all-cause mortality in male in ICU patients, so testosterone treatment may also have benefits beyond improving outcomes for COVID-19.

Publishing their results in the peer-reviewed journal The Aging Male.
Release date: 28 September 2020
Source: Taylor & Francis Group

Drink coffee after breakfast - قهوه را بعد از صرف صبحانه بنوشید

A strong, black coffee to wake you up after a bad night’s sleep could impair control of blood sugar levels, according to a new study.

Writing in the British Journal of Nutrition the scientists show that whilst one night of poor sleep has limited impact on our metabolism, drinking coffee as a way to perk you up from a slumber can have a negative effect on blood glucose (sugar) control.
Release date: 30 September 2020
Source: University of Bath

Low level alcohol use during pregnancy can impact childs brain development - حتی مصرف مقادیر اندک الکل در دوران بارداری می تواند به رشد مغزی جنین صدمه بزند

A new study finds any alcohol use during pregnancy, even low levels, is associated with subtle, yet significant behavioural and psychological effects in children including anxiety, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and poor attention.

Published in the prestigious American Journal of Psychiatry.

Release date: 25 September 2020
Source: University of Sydney