Nutrition in rehabilitation

Overweight boy watching others in gym class

Higher body mass index (BMI) – an indicator of obesity – in late adolescence is associated with a significantly higher risk of first ischemic stroke in men and women under age 50, regardless of whether they had Type 2 diabetes.
Even BMIs in the high-normal range are associated with increased stroke risk in both men and women.

During the follow-up period, for all 1.9 M participants between 2014 and 2018, researchers found:

Overall, 1,088 strokes occurred (921 ischemic strokes, 167 hemorrhagic strokes), and the average age at the time of the stroke was 41. Adolescent BMI was directly related to the risk of first ischemic stroke.
Compared to participants in the low-normal BMI group, adolescents who were in the overweight category had a 2-times higher stroke risk before the age of 50, and adolescents with obesity had a 3.4-times higher risk.
Even adolescents with BMIs in the high-normal range were more likely to have a stroke before age 50 compared to those in the low-normal BMI group.
After accounting for Type 2 diabetes, adolescents who were in either the overweight or obesity category still had a higher risk of stroke (1.6-times and 2.4-times, respectively) compared to people who had BMI values within the normal range. Stroke

Release date: 13 May 2021
Source: American Heart Association

Eating more fruit and vegetables linked to less stress - تغذیه به وقت استرس

Eating a diet rich in fruit and vegetables is associated with less stress, according to new research from Edith Cowan University (ECU).

The study examined the link between fruit and vegetable intake and stress levels of more than 8,600 Australians aged between 25 and 91 participating in the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) Study from Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute.

The findings revealed people who ate at least 470 grams of fruit and vegetables daily had 10 per cent lower stress levels than those who consumed less than 230 grams. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends eating at least 400 grams of fruit and vegetables per day.

‘Fruit and vegetable intake is inversely associated with perceived stress across the adult lifespan’ was published in Clinical Nutrition.

Release date: 14 May 2021
Source: Edith Cowan University

The right 5 a day mix is 2 fruit and 3 vegetable servings for longer life - اکسیر پنج واحدی افزایش طول عمر

Higher consumption of fruits and vegetables is associated with a lower risk of death in men and women, according to data representing nearly 2 million adults. Five daily servings of fruits and vegetables, eaten as 2 servings of fruit and 3 servings of vegetables, may be the optimal amount and combination for a longer life. These findings support current U.S. dietary recommendations to eat more fruits and vegetables and the simple public health message “5-a-day.”

Studies representing nearly 2 million adults worldwide show that eating about five daily servings of fruits and vegetables, in which 2 are fruits and 3 are vegetables, is likely the optimal amount for a longer life, according to new research published today in the American Heart Association’s flagship journal Circulation.

Release date: 01 March 2021
Source: American Heart Association

Vitamin B12 and Diabetes - ویتامین B12 و دیابت

In order to prevent peripheral polyneuropathy, people with type 2 diabetes on metformin should monitored for vitamin B12 levels more routinely. (Society for Endocrinology)

exercise or nutrition

New study in mice demonstrate the long-term consumption of the mineral-supplemented diet benefits bone mass and strength with age. Surprisingly, nutrition has a greater impact on bone strength than exercise, says University of Michigan study.

Vitamin A and Bone Health

New research in mice demonstrates the risk to decrease bone thickness and increase bone fractures with consuming too much vitamin A (Journal of Endocrinology). Experts at Society for Endocrinology warned people against over-supplementing vitamin A in their diets.

adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Manganese is an essential nutrient for growing bones and cartilage. A new study led by Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis uncovers a link between inability to use this essential mineral and severe adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (curvature of the spine).

Researchers found a possible association between diet and pain relief for patients with osteoarthritis, according to study published in Rheumatology journal.

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